History of Paralympics

The Paralympic Games, modeled on the Olympic Games, is an international sport event for world-class athletes living with a disability. The Paralympic games are happened in every four years. The International Paralympic Committee (IPC) is connected the Paralympic games.

The man who invented the Paralympics was the English neurosurgeon Sir Ludwig Guttman. On 28 July 1948, the opening day of the London Olympic Games, a sports competition for World War II veterans with spinal cord injuries was held and twelve years later, in Rome, Italy, 1960, Guttman's impossible dream came true when the first disabled persons entered the Olympics.

The word "Paralympics" stand for "parallel" Olympics and is open for disabled athletes. From 1988 in Seoul, Korea, the Paralympic Summer Games has been held in the same year as the Olympics. The Paralympics are for athletes from six different disability groups.

In Rome in 1960 400 athletes from 23 countries participated. Forty years later in Sydney 4,000 athletes from 128 countries participating in 18 sports making Sydney the largest Paralympics ever.

In 1976 in Ornskoldsvik in Sweden was the first international winter games arranged for disabled persons. Over 250 athletes from 14 countries took part. The Paralympic Games have taken place at the same venues as the Olympic Games since the Seoul 1988 Paralympic Summer Games in South Korea and the Albertville 1992 Paralympic Winter Games in France.

Paralympics is an athletic sporting event for the physically disabled including amputees, the blind and persons suffering from cerebral palsy.

Some of the summer games include track, archery, basketball, boccie ball, bowling, cycling, equestrian events, fencing, goal ball, judo, soccer, shooting, swimming, table tennis, tennis, volleyball and weightlifting.

Some of the winter games include skiing, ice-sledge hockey, ice-sled, and biathlon.

Source by Kristine Oh

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